When making feeds, manufacturers consider the age, production level of the animal, species and the cost of the feed.
Using Pearson Square system or a computer software like Win feed to achieve the optimal theoretical nutrient levels of the formulated mash.
After formula, some feeds are further processed into pellets by either cold or hot processing. Pellets are either shaped using pelletization or extrusion technologies.
Proteins and starch create a larger proportion of these formulations. Proteins are made up of amino acids as building blocks joined together by peptide bonds. You may also give the dried molasses feed for your animals because it is more beneficial with good proteins.
On the other hand, starch is a polymer of amylose and amylopectin monomers having both hydrogen and glycosidic bridges.
Poultry, swine, and fish are monogastric (have the single-chambered stomach), therefore, rely on enzymatic hydrolysis of complex food elements from the foregut. Sometimes these feeds are not effectively hydrolyzed.
These procedures include grinding in the hammer mill, size reduction, soaking and reconstitution of dried feeds.
These processes mostly influence the physical look of the feeds but no or less, modification on the chemical properties of the feeds. Feeds under these categories are the mash forms.
Thermal energy is employed to either wet or dry ingredient such as cereals or soybeans. The purpose here is to soften the seeds, alter the starch or denature the anti-nutrients like trypsin inhibitors.